The largest city in Italy and the capital of the country - Rome, is a metropolis of global importance, which is annually visited by several million tourists. The city is also a major transportation hub, and has one of the largest international airports in Europe (annually serving 36 million passengers). Rome is also a very important city, from a historical point of view. There are already in 800 BC the city center, initially focused on the Palatine (one of the Seven Hills of Rome). Subsequent centuries and the huge impact of the ruler and the people of the city, had in shaping the boundaries of the Old Continent and human development, formed in Rome, as one of the most influential places in the world. Fortunately inches, often touched conflicts, the city is still rich in unique structures and monuments from the time just before Christ. In the city, is located in the Vatican city-state, which is an enclave within the territory of the Italian state, the smallest country in the world (in terms of area) and the seat of the highest authorities of the Catholic Church. By far the most recognizable attraction of Rome is the Colosseum. Amphitheater was built as early as the first century of our era, and since its inception has hosted gladiatorial combat, naumachie (ie, sea war in a specially prepared colossal pool) and the hunting of wild animals. In the mid-fourteenth century, a strong earthquake severely damaged the building. The last Olympics were held here in 528 years. Since the eighteenth century at the Colosseum on Good Friday Way of the Cross is held under the leadership of the Pope. In 2007 the building was declared one of the seven new wonders of the world. Another very important point on the tourist map of Rome is the Pantheon. It is a circular temple, located on the Champ de Mars, whose origin dates back to the year 27 BC. The Pantheon is one of the best preserved buildings from the days of ancient Rome, and at the same time one of the most beautiful and intriguing. Characteristic oculus (oval hole in the wall) with a diameter of 9 meters is the only opening of the illumination inside the building. The oldest city square of the capital of Italy, of course, the Roman Forum (also known as the Forum Magnum). Surrounded by six of the seven hills of Rome (Capitoline, Palatine, Celio, Esquilino, Viminale and Quirinal) was the main political, religious and social center of ancient Rome. Today, thanks to the toil of conservators and archaeologists, Roman Forum is open to the public and is one of the main attractions of Rome. The most famous Baroque fountain in Rome is the Trevi Fountain. Date from the fifteenth century fountain has been attracting crowds of tourists who normally throw coins into the fountain to ensure you (depending on the number of coins): return to Rome, romance or even marriage.
Places of interest